September 25, 2005 Subject:
Make Sure You Count Your Fingers at the End of Every Shift
They sure don't make 'em like they used to, and here's where you'll find out why. OUTSTANDING footage of home construction at mid-20th century. The first two things to notice about home building is a) how much hardwood was used, and b) how many people were employed. It's interesting to see an entire house being sheathed in heavy planks instead of Celotex, and to watch men using hammers instead of nail guns. And although there is already prefabrication of elements like windows and doors, there is still on-site construction of kitchen storage units by skilled carpenters.
Getting back to the point of the film, the first half uses the house under construction to demonstrate the difference between rough (basement joists and cross ties) and fine (windows, doors and cabinets) carpentry, and then goes on to show how other woodworking jobs exist in factories supplying the construction trade. It shows the processes (and jobs) involved in creating plywood,laminates, and fine furniture, although it makes a point of mentioning that because of the added cost, there is a limited market for the latter. It also shows the woodworker's role in making molds for metal parts like flywheels, and shows in some detail how a sand mold is made and metal is poured.
It ends by advising young men to spend as much time as possible in their basements doing woodworking projects and building their own collection of tools with their spending money. There is a considerable amount of suspense in the final minute of the film as the young man saws vigorously through a thin flimsy shaking piece of plywood using a large cross-cut saw, apparently unaware that his left thumb appears to be directly in the path of the blade.
Notable for the view of mid-20th century social norms, where work crews consist of young as well as older men, and no one needs safety goggles or hard hats on site, or respirators or gloves in the factories when they are working with glues and stains.
September 24, 2005 Subject:
Cutting logs (you know what I mean)
Another pretty drab ÂYour LifeÂs workÂ here. This is somewhat interesting though only for the nice overview of the many careers one can get in the woodworking field. But other than thatÂ
Shots: Rough carpentry in woodworking; building forms for concrete; plywood; hog houses; chicken coops; sheathing; erecting roofs; installing inside finish; stairs; hanging doors; woodworking mill; machine operators; cabinet shops; patternmaking for casting; opportunities in the woodworking fields;
Contents. Impressions of various woodworking jobs and the training and qualification required to enter them.
As views of large buildings are shown, the commentator says that, although these structures were made of stone and cement, woodworkers have played an important part in their construction. Types of rough carpentry work are suggested as workmen erect scaffolding and build concrete forms. Farm buildings and a frame house are also shown as examples of rough carpentry. Carpentry requiring higher skill and accuracy is illustrated by views of carpenters fitting windows and doors, laying hardwood flooring, assembling a kitchen workbench, etc. The commentator says that the need for cabinetmakers has been reduced by the use of materials other than wood for interior furnishings and by machine prefabrication at the mills ...
A sequence on the woodworking mill begins with a view of a man at a planer. The commentator says that the men working here are machine operators as well as woodworkers. In the assembly department the workmen put together window sashes and doors. Workmen are shown building stairs, running sanders, and carving door panels as the commentator describes the wide range of skills needed in woodworking.
A sequence on furniture making is introduced by views of a furniture maker at work. The commentator says that, although most furniture is made by machine, some employment is furnished by the demand for made-to-order furniture, that furniture makers are usually older men, and that apprenticeship is the best training for entering the field. The use of veneer in furniture making is indicated. A machine peels off thin slices of wood from a log. These slices are matched and glued to pieces of cheaper wood. Finally, a finished cabinet of matched veneer is shown.
Patternmaking is the subject of the next sequence. A wooden pattern of a finished flywheel is shown as the commentator says that the pattern is used to make a form in sand for casting. A patternmaker shapes the wood both by hand and by machine, assembles the parts, rounds the corners, and shellacs the whole pattern. A finished pattern is placed in a sand mold, sand is packed around it, the pattern is removed and the metal poured. After the metal has cooled, the sand is removed.
The final sequence begins with views of draftsmen at work as the commentator describes the need for carefully made blueprints. The commentator further points out the possibilities of advancement to foremanship, shop owner, and contractor. Finally, there are scenes of mechanical drawing, mathematics, and woodworking classes as the commentator says that these high school subjects are useful to those planning to be woodworkers.
Appraisal. Good for showing the following fields of woodworking and some typical jobs connected with them: carpentry, millworking, furniture making, and patternmaking.
The film suggests some of the high school subjects that contribute to preparation for woodworking vocations. It is well organized for use as a broad orientation to the subject of woodworking as a vocation. Much pertinent information is presented in the commentary. The pictorial content is generally illustrative. Photography is good, sound excellent.
Zero = first title
00:14 LS university building
00:29 Carpenters building houses
00:51 CU plywood
01:08 Man hammers stakes into ground
01:15 Barn and hog house with hogs; chicken houses
01:24 House building, sawing, hammering, etc.; raising frames, roof, etc. (Homebuilding)
03:24 Men build windows and staircases
03:30 Man planes door
03:44 Man builds cabinets
04:15 Lumber mill
04:38 Men build doors and stairs
05:35 Furniture makers; man carves chair
06:19 Veneer being sliced and glued; inlay; staining and varnishing
07:00 Making wooden industrial patterns (molds) for casting
08:21 Making castings
10:00 Students in shop classes learn carpentry by building a birdhouse
WOODWORKING CARPENTRY FURNITURE MAKING INDUSTRIES CRAFTS SKILLS WORKERS OCCUPATIONS WORK TRADES Rough carpentry in woodworking; building forms for concrete; plywood; hog houses; chicken coops; sheathing; erecting roofs; installing inside finish; stairs; hanging doors; woodworking mill; machine operators; cabinet shops; patternmaking for casting; opportunities in the woodworking fields